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  • New CRISPR technique skips over portions of genes that can cause disease
    In a new study in cells, researchers have adapted CRISPR gene-editing technology to cause the cell's internal machinery to skip over a small portion of a gene when transcribing it into a template for protein building. Such targeted editing could one day be useful for treating genetic diseases caused by mutations in the genome, such as Duchenne's muscular dystrophy, Huntington's disease or some cancers.
  • Novel sensors could enable smarter textiles
    A fabric coating with thin, lightweight and flexible pressure sensors that can be embedded into shoes and other functional garments, sensors that can measure everything from the light touch of a finger to being driven over by a forklift. And it's comfortable to boot!
  • Human wastewater valuable to global agriculture, economics
    It may seem off-putting to some, but human waste is full of nutrients that can be recycled into valuable products that could promote agricultural sustainability and better economic independence for some developing countries, says a new study.
  • Researchers are developing vaccines for human parasites
    Researchers outline their lessons learned while creating vaccine candidates for hookworm and schistosomiasis.
  • Six Things About Opportunity's Recovery Efforts
    The global dust storm on Mars could soon let in enough sunlight for the Opportunity rover to recharge.
  • Twisted electronics open the door to tunable 2-D materials
    Researchers report an advance that may revolutionize the field of 2-D materials such as graphene: a 'twistronic' device whose characteristics can be varied by simply varying the angle between two different 2-D layers placed on top of one another. The device provides unprecedented control over the angular orientation in twisted-layer devices, and enables researchers to study the effects of twist angle on electronic, optical, and mechanical properties in a single device.
  • Men and women show surprising differences in seeing motion
    Researchers have found an unexpected difference between men and women. On average, their studies show, men pick up on visual motion significantly faster than women do.
  • More workers working might not get more work done, ants (and robots) show
    For ants and robots operating in confined spaces like tunnels, having more workers does not necessarily mean getting more work done. Just as too many cooks in a kitchen get in each other's way, having too many robots in tunnels creates clogs that can bring the work to a grinding halt.
  • Reverse osmosis membranes with tunable thickness
    Researchers used electrospray technology to create ultra-thin, ultra-smooth polyamide membranes for reverse osmosis. This scalable process allows for better control of a membrane's fundamental properties, avoids the use of chemical baths, and can be applied to a variety of membrane separation processes.
  • Under pressure, hydrogen offers a reflection of giant planet interiors
    Lab-based mimicry allowed an international team of physicists to probe hydrogen under the conditions found in the interiors of giant planets -- where experts believe it gets squeezed until it becomes a liquid metal, capable of conducting electricity.
  • Autism linked to egg cells' difficulty creating large proteins
    New work reveals that the genetic factors underlying fragile X syndrome, and potentially from other autism-related disorders, stem from defects in the cell's ability to create unusually large protein structures. They found that mutations in the gene Fmr1 create problems in the and the reproductive system. They can lead to the most-common form of inherited autism, fragile X syndrome, as well as to premature ovarian failure.
  • Previously grainy wheat genome comes into focus
    An international consortium has completed the sequence of wheat's colossal genome.
  • That stinks! One American in 15 smells odors that aren't there
    A new study finds that one in 15 Americans (or 6.5 percent) over the age of 40 experiences phantom odors. The study is the first in the US to use nationally representative data to examine the prevalence of and risk factors for phantom odor perception. The study could inform future research aiming to unlock the mysteries of phantom odors.
  • Hubble paints picture of the evolving universe
    Hubble and other space and ground-based telescopes, astronomers have assembled one of the most comprehensive portraits yet of the universe's evolutionary history.
  • 'Abrupt thaw' of permafrost beneath lakes could significantly affect climate change models
    Methane released by thawing permafrost from some Arctic lakes could significantly accelerate climate change, according to a new study. Unlike shallow, gradual thawing of terrestrial permafrost, the abrupt thaw beneath thermokarst lakes is irreversible this century. Even climate models that project only moderate warming this century will have to factor in their emissions, according to the researchers.
  • New manufacturing technique could improve common problem in printing technology
    A new manufacturing technique may be able to avoid the 'coffee ring' effect that plagues inkjet printers.
  • Sprawling galaxy cluster found hiding in plain sight
    Scientists have uncovered a sprawling new galaxy cluster hiding in plain sight. The cluster, which sits a mere 2.4 billion light years from Earth, is made up of hundreds of individual galaxies and surrounds an extremely active supermassive black hole, or quasar.
  • Most wear-resistant metal alloy in the world
    A materials science team has engineered a platinum-gold alloy believed to be the most wear-resistant metal in the world. It's 100 times more durable than high-strength steel, making it the first alloy, or combination of metals, in the same class as diamond and sapphire, nature's most wear-resistant materials.
  • Phantom Smells Affect More Noses Than You Think
    That whiff of rotten egg could just be your nose playing tricks on you.
  • Japan's Interstellar Technologies Goes Full Throttle Toward Small Orbital Rocket
    Japanese startup Interstellar Technologies is developing the main engine for an orbital rocket designed to carry 100 kilograms and slated to conduct its initial test flight in 2020.
  • NASA Has a Wild Idea to Weigh Asteroids with a Swarm of Mini Probes
    Asteroids are all around us in space — but they're awfully difficult to weigh
  • Expecting to learn: Language acquisition in toddlers improved by predictable situations
    Two-year-old children were taught novel words in predictable and unpredictable situations. Children learned words significantly better in predictable situations.
  • How people use, and lose, preexisting biases to make decisions
    From love and politics to health and finances, humans can sometimes make decisions that appear irrational, or dictated by an existing bias or belief. But a new study uncovers a surprisingly rational feature of the human brain: a previously held bias can be set aside so that the brain can apply logical, mathematical reasoning to the decision at hand.
  • 99-million-year-old beetle trapped in amber served as pollinator to evergreen cycads
    Flowering plants are well known for their special relationship to the insects and other animals that serve as their pollinators. The post 99-million-year-old beetle trapped in amber served as pollinator to evergreen cycads appeared first on HeritageDaily - Archaeology News.
  • Blood test may identify gestational diabetes risk in first trimester, NIH study indicates
    A blood test conducted as early as the 10th week of pregnancy may help identify women at risk for gestational diabetes, a pregnancy-related condition that poses potentially serious health risks for mothers and infants, according to researchers.
  • Female mosquitoes get choosy quickly to offset invasions
    Certain female mosquitoes quickly evolve more selective mating behavior when faced with existential threats from other invasive mosquito species, with concurrent changes to certain genetic regions, according to new research.
  • A unique combination of catalysts opens doors to making useful compounds
    All organisms rely on chemical reactions in order to make various natural products. Chemical reactions can be caused by a number of catalysts, such as enzymatic or chemical catalysts. Researchers have developed a new method that aids in the process of making valuable compounds by using a new catalytic method that combines enzymatic catalysts with photocatalysts.
  • Vindolanda – The Pompeii of the North
    Vindolanda (translated as “white field” or “white moor”) was a Roman auxiliary fort, located on the fringes of the Roman Empire in the province of Britannia. Its position guarded a major Roman highway called the Stanegate, just south of Hadrian’s Wall and the frontier into Caledonia. The garrison consisted of infantry or cavalry auxilia, not components of Roman legions. The first evidence of settlement or a timber fort at Vindolanda was constructed from around 70CE that saw a phase of consecutive demolition and reconstruction until Hadrian’s Wall was built around 122 CE. During its occupation, no less than nine Roman forts were built in situ of timber or stone, creating one of the most complex archaeological sites in Britain and leaving a unique cultural legacy of frontier life. A vicus, a self-governing village developed to the west of the fort. The vicus contained several rows of buildings, each comprised of several one-room chambers. To the south of the fort, a large thermae bath complex was also built for recreation and socialising. Today Vindolanda is an active archaeological site (open to volunteers) that has been preserved thanks to the levels of anaerobic and oxygen-free conditions of the soil. A virtual time capsule, archaeologists have unearthed over 6000 perfectly preserved shoes, 800 textiles, wooden objects and the discovery of the Vindolanda tablets. Vindolanda Tablets The Vindolanda tablets are some of the oldest surviving documents in Britain that are written accounts of northern frontier life. Written on wooden leaf-tablets made from birch, alder or oak with carbon-based ink, they date from the 1st and 2nd century. The tablets contain hundreds of various letters of correspondence in Roman cursive script and record official military matters as well as personal messages to and from members of the garrison of Vindolanda, their families, and their slaves. Highlights of the tablets include an invitation to a birthday party held in about 100 AD, which is perhaps the oldest surviving document written in Latin by a woman. Visit Vindolanda Website The post Vindolanda – The Pompeii of the North appeared first on HeritageDaily - Archaeology News.
  • Facts About Megalodon: The Long-Gone Shark
    Megalodon was the largest shark ever documented and one of the largest fish on record. It died out about 2.6 million years ago.
  • No, You Shouldn't Get Plastic Surgery Advice from YouTube
    An old adage with a modern spin says that you shouldn't believe everything you read on the internet. That especially goes for plastic surgery videos on YouTube.
  • 'No Encryption, No Fly' Rule Proposed for Small Satellites
    Small satellites that have propulsion systems, but don't have encrypted commanding systems, pose a small but real threat of being hacked and endangering other satellites, according to a new study.
  • Excavations of the University of Cyprus at the citadel of ancient Paphos (Kouklia)
    The Department of Antiquities of Cyprus (Ministry of Transport, Communications and Works) announced the completion of the University of Cyprus’ 13th field project at Palaipaphos, under the direction of Professor Maria Iacovou (Department of History and Archaeology, Archaeological Research Unit). The 2018 excavations took place between May and July and concentrated on the plateau (citadel) of Hadjiabdoulla, one kilometer east of the... [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
  • Internet of Things technology can boost classroom learning and bridge gender divide
    The use of Internet of Things devices in the classroom can have major educational benefits and appeal to both genders if designed and used in the right way, according to new research.
  • Brain response study upends thinking about why practice speeds up motor reaction times
    Researchers report that a computerized study of 36 healthy adult volunteers asked to repeat the same movement over and over became significantly faster when asked to repeat that movement on demand -- a result that occurred not because they anticipated the movement, but because of an as yet unknown mechanism that prepared their brains to replicate the same action.
  • Diagnosing cancer with malaria protein: New method discovered
    Researchers have discovered a method of diagnosing a broad range of cancers at their early stages by utilizing a particular malaria protein, which sticks to cancer cells in blood samples. The researchers hope that this method can be used in cancer screenings in the near future.
  • Working memory might be more flexible than previously thought
    Breaking with the long-held idea that working memory has fixed limits, a new study suggests that these limits adapt themselves to the task that one is performing.
  • Using mushrooms as a prebiotic may help improve glucose regulation
    Eating white button mushrooms can create subtle shifts in the microbial community in the gut, which could improve the regulation of glucose in the liver, according to a team of researchers. They also suggest that better understanding this connection between mushrooms and gut microbes in mice could one day pave the way for new diabetes treatments and prevention strategies for people.
  • Space Calendar 2018: Launches, Sky Events & More
    Here's a guide to the major astronomical events of the next year, as well as space launches and milestones for spacecrafts already in travel.
  • Keck Observatory: Twin Telescopes on Mauna Kea
    The twin telescopes at the W.M. Keck Observatory are the largest optical and infrared telescopes in the world. The telescopes are located atop Mauna Kea, a dormant volcano in Hawaii.
  • Key protein involved in the development of autism discovered
    The protein CPEB4, which coordinates the expression of hundreds of genes required for neuronal activity, is altered in the brains of individuals with autism, according to new research.
  • Structurally 'inside-out' planetary nebula discovered
    Researchers have discovered the unusual evolution of the central star of a planetary nebula in our Milky Way galaxy. The finding sheds light on the future evolution, and more importantly, the ultimate fate of the Sun.
  • Smallest transistor switches current with a single atom in solid electrolyte
    Researchers have developed a single-atom transistor, the world's smallest. This quantum electronics component switches electrical current by controlled repositioning of a single atom, now also in the solid state in a gel electrolyte. The single-atom transistor works at room temperature and consumes very little energy, which opens up entirely new perspectives for information technology.
  • Image of the Day
    Russian cosmonauts Oleg Artemyev and Sergey Prokopyev took a spacewalk yesterday to deploy four small satellites and install a new experiment called ICARUS, which will allow scientists to track baby turtles and other wildlife from space.
  • This Ancient Mummy Is Older Than the Pharaohs
    Mummification in ancient Egypt began 1,500 years earlier than once thought.
  • Bird communities dwindle on New Mexico's Pajarito Plateau
    Researchers have found declines in the number and diversity of bird populations at nine sites surveyed in northern New Mexico, where eight species vanished over time while others had considerably dropped.
  • Printable tags turn everyday objects into smart, connected devices
    Engineers have developed printable metal tags that could be attached to plain objects, like water bottles, walls or doors, and turn them into 'smart' Internet of Things devices. The tags can also be fashioned into paper-thin control panels that can be used to remotely operate WiFi-connected speakers, smart lights and other smart home appliances. The metal tags are made from patterns of copper foil printed onto paper-like materials and disturb WiFi signals when touched.
  • Logging site slash removal may be boon for wild bees in managed forests
    New research suggests the removal of timber harvest residue during harvesting may be a boon for wild bees, an important step toward better understanding the planet's top group of pollinators.
  • Super-resolution microscope reveals secrets of deadly Nipah virus
    The deadly Nipah virus and others like it assemble themselves in a much more haphazard manner than previously thought, new research has found. The discovery could allow scientists to develop more effective vaccines and rule out many approaches to fighting these viruses.
  • Trigger, target, trigger: Scientists explore controlled carbon monoxide release
    Scientists have developed flavonoid-based, organic carbon monoxide-releasing molecules that exhibit CO release only when triggered by visible light. Using fluorescence microscopy, the researchers demonstrate targeted CO delivery by the photoCORMs to human lung cancer cells, as well as the ability of the molecules to produce anti-inflammatory effects.
  • Immune cell dysfunction linked to photosensitivity, study finds
    Researchers have discovered that a type of immune cell known as Langerhans appears to play an important role in photosensitivity, an immune system reaction to sunlight that can trigger severe skin rashes.

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