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  • NASA-led Mission Studies Storm Intensification
    A group of NASA and NOAA scientists are teaming up this month on an airborne field campaign to study severe storms in the Northern Hemisphere and what makes them intensify.
  • Problems with DNA replication can cause epigenetic changes that may be inherited for several generations
    Scientists reveal that a fault in the process that copies DNA during cell division can cause epigenetic changes that may be inherited for up-to five generations. They also identified the cause of these epigenetic changes, which is related to the loss of a molecular mechanism in charge of silencing genes. Their results will change the way we think about the impact of replication stress in cancer and during embryonic development, as well as its inter-generational inheritance.
  • Lithium-air batteries: Mystery about proposed battery material clarified
    A compound called lithium iodide (LiI) has been considered a leading material for lithium-air batteries, which could deliver more energy per pound compared to today's leading batteries. A new study helps explain previous, conflicting findings about the material's usefulness for this task.
  • Spray-on electric rainbows: Making safer electrochromic inks
    A flick of a switch, and electrochromic films change their colors. Now they can be applied more safely and more commonly thanks to an innovative chemical process that makes them water soluble. They can be sprayed and printed, instead of being confined behind safety implements to handle volatile solvents and their toxic fumes.
  • Boron nitride foam soaks up carbon dioxide
    Researchers have created a reusable hexagonal-boron nitride foam that soaks up more than three times its weight in carbon dioxide.
  • Superconductivity research reveals potential new state of matter
    A potential new state of matter is being reported with research showing that among superconducting materials in high magnetic fields, the phenomenon of electronic symmetry breaking is common. The ability to find similarities and differences among classes of materials with phenomena such as this helps researchers establish the essential ingredients that cause novel functionalities such as superconductivity.
  • Smart fabric neutralizes nerve gas
    A groundbreaking development has the potential to thwart chemical warfare agents: smart textiles with the ability to rapidly detect and neutralize nerve gas.
  • Mystery of how first animals appeared on Earth solved
    Research has solved the mystery of how the first animals appeared on Earth, a pivotal moment for the planet without which humans would not exist.
  • Popular immunotherapy target turns out to have a surprising buddy
    The majority of current cancer immunotherapies focus on PD-L1. This well-studied protein turns out to be controlled by a partner, CMTM6, a previously unexplored molecule that is now suddenly also a potential therapeutic target.
  • Scientists use magnetic fields to remotely stimulate brain -- and control body movements
    Scientists have used magnetism to activate tiny groups of cells in the brain, inducing bodily movements that include running, rotating and losing control of the extremities -- an achievement that could lead to advances in studying and treating neurological disease.
  • Scientists give star treatment to lesser-known cells crucial for brain development
    After decades of relative neglect, star-shaped brain cells called astrocytes are finally getting their due. To gather insight into a critical aspect of brain development, a team of scientists examined the maturation of astrocytes in 3-D structures grown in culture dishes to resemble human brain tissue. The study confirms the lab-grown cells develop at the same rate as those found in human brains.
  • Using barcodes to trace cell development
    There are various concepts about how blood cells develop. However, they are based almost exclusively on experiments that solely reflect snapshots. Scientists now present a novel technique that captures the process in a dynamic way. Using a 'random generator,' the researchers label hematopoietic stem cells with genetic barcodes that enable them to trace which cell types arise from the stem cell.
  • Supermassive black holes feed on cosmic jellyfish
    Observations of 'Jellyfish galaxies' with ESO's Very Large Telescope have revealed a previously unknown way to fuel supermassive black holes. It seems the mechanism that produces the tentacles of gas and newborn stars that give these galaxies their nickname also makes it possible for the gas to reach the central regions of the galaxies, feeding the black hole that lurks in each of them and causing it to shine brilliantly.
  • Modern genetic sequencing tools give clearer picture of how corals are related
    As corals face threats from ocean warming, a new study uses the latest genetic-sequencing tools to help unravel the relationships between three similar-looking corals.
  • This Enigmatic Dinosaur May Be the Missing Link in an Evolution Mystery
    A bizarre-looking dinosaur discovered by a young boy in Chile may be the missing link showing how members of one major dinosaur lineage evolved into a completely new dinosaur group, a new study finds.
  • Making surgery safer by helping doctors see nerves
    A new noninvasive approach that uses polarized light to make nerves stand out from other tissue could help surgeons avoid accidentally injuring nerves or assist them in identifying nerves in need of repair.
  • The nerve-guiding 'labels' that may one day help re-establish broken nervous connections
    Working with fruit flies, scientists have identified different labels that attract and control specific nerves. In theory, the 'right' labels may re-form nervous connections if delivered to the site of injury.
  • Moving beyond nudges to improve health and health care policies
    With countries around the world struggling to deliver quality health care and contain costs, a team of behavioral economists believes it's time to apply recent insights on human behavior to inform and reform health policy.
  • Why teens take risks: It's not a deficit in brain development
    A popular theory in neuroscience proposes that slow development of the prefrontal cortex explains teenagers' seemingly impulsive and risky behavior. But an extensive literature review finds that much of the evidence for that theory misinterprets adolescent exploratory behavior as impulsive and that much of what appears to be impulsivity is behavior that is often guided by the desire to learn about the world.
  • Tough, self-healing rubber developed
    Imagine a tire that could heal after being punctured or a rubber band that never snapped. Researchers have developed a new type of rubber that is as tough as natural rubber but can also self-heal.
  • Totally Awesome T-Shirts to Remember the 2017 Solar Eclipse
    Remember the Great American Solar Eclipse with these t-shirts featuring cities along the path of totality, from Oregon to South Carolina.
  • Solar Eclipse Glasses: Where to Buy the Best, High-Quality Eyewear
    Whether you're looking for a new pair of eclipse glasses or you've already purchased some form of eye protection, here's what you need to know to avoid burning your eyes during the solar eclipse.
  • Deadline for Google Lunar X Prize Moon Race Extended Through March 2018
    The five teams left in a $30 million race to the moon now have a bit more time to accomplish their missions — and the chance to win some additional money along the way.
  • Snip, Snip, Ouch: Pubic Hair Grooming Injuries May Be More Common Than You Think
    For those who prefer no hair "down there," beware: Pubic hair grooming injuries may be more common than you think.
  • Gold shines through properties of nano biosensors
    With their remarkable electrical and optical properties, along with biocompatibility, photostability and chemical stability, gold nanoclusters are gaining a foothold in a number of research areas, particularly in biosensing and biolabeling. An international research team has now shown that the fluorescence is an intrinsic property of the gold nanoparticles themselves. The researchers used Au20, gold nanoparticles with a tetrahedral structure.
  • Stop thinking your wife is bad with money
    When a husband thinks his wife spends too much money, whether it's reality or perception, financial and marriage problems follow, a new study warns.
  • Now and Zen: Lower prenatal stress reduces risk of behavioral issues in kids
    Expectant mothers may want to consider adopting today's trend towards stress management, in light of new research pointing to its ability to lower the risk of problematic behavior in their offspring. Researchers found that mothers who are exposed to high levels of stress during pregnancy have kids who are more than twice as likely to have chronic symptoms of hyperactivity and conduct disorder.
  • Study: Playing smartphone app aids concussion recovery in teens
    Generally, after suffering a concussion, patients are encouraged to avoid reading, watching TV and using mobile devices to help their brains heal. But new research shows that teenagers who used a mobile health app once a day in conjunction with medical care improved concussion symptoms and optimism more than with standard medical treatment alone.
  • Could olfactory loss point to Alzheimer's disease?
    Simple odor identification tests may help track the progression of Alzheimer's disease before symptoms actually appear, particularly among those at risk.
  • Multicolor MRIs could aid disease detection
    Researchers have developed a method that could make magnetic resonance imaging -- MRI -- multicolor. Current MRI techniques rely on a single contrast agent injected into a patient's veins to vivify images. The new method uses two at once, which could allow doctors to map multiple characteristics of a patient's internal organs in a single MRI. The strategy could serve as a research tool and even aid disease diagnosis.
  • How a CT Scan of an Olive Led to Man's Diagnosis of Crohn's Disease
    When a 24-year-old man in Belgium went to the hospital because he had belly pain, doctors found an olive stuck in his small intestine — and soon after, diagnosed him with Crohn's disease.
  • Rosetta Stone: Key to Ancient Egyptian Writing
    The Rosetta Stone contains text written in three languages, which made it possible to translate ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics.
  • Elevated testosterone causes bull market trading
    Testosterone directly impacts financial decisions that drive prices up and destabilize markets, research has shown for the first time.
  • Estrogen receptor stem cells found in mammary glands
    One of the key questions in stem cell and cancer biology is to understand the cellular hierarchy governing tissue development and maintenance and the cancer cell of origin. Researchers have now identified a novel lineage - restricted stem cell in the mammary gland. In the future, this model will be used to assess whether the clinical heterogeneity observed in breast cancers arises from their different cancer cell of origin.
  • Roots of schizophrenia: Excess of methionine during pregnancy?
    An abundance of an amino acid called methionine, which is common in meat, cheese and beans, may provide new clues to the fetal brain development that can manifest in schizophrenia, pharmacology researchers report.
  • Starting opioid addiction treatment in the ED is cost-effective
    The most cost-effective treatment for people with untreated opioid addiction who visit the emergency department (ED) is buprenorphine, a medication to reduce drug cravings and withdrawal, say researchers.
  • Soil microbes persist through National Mall facelift
    It's not every day United States history mixes with microbes in the soil. But when the turf on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., was replaced, it offered scientists the opportunity to study changes in the soil microbiome underneath.
  • Combination of traditional chemotherapy, new drug kills rare cancer cells in mice
    An experimental drug combined with the traditional chemotherapy drug cisplatin, when used in mice, destroyed a rare form of salivary gland tumor and prevented a recurrence within 300 days, a study found.
  • Trying to resist the urge to splurge? Ditch the smartphone
    You are more likely to indulge in guilty pleasures when shopping online with a touchscreen versus a desktop computer, according to research.
  • Biophysics explains how immune cells kill bacteria
    A new data analysis technique, moving subtrajectory analysis defines the dynamics and kinetics of key molecules in the immune response to an infection. These biophysical descriptions are expected to clarify the TCR microcluster, an essential assembly for a T cell to initiate its attack on a pathogen.
  • New plant discovered in Shetland
    Scientists have discovered a new type of plant growing in Shetland -- with its evolution only having occurred in the last 200 years.
  • Smart electrical grids more vulnerable to cyber attacks
    Electricity distribution systems in the USA are gradually being modernized and transposed to smart grids, which make use of two-way communication and computer processing. This is making them increasingly vulnerable to cyber attacks.
  • Candy cane supercapacitor could enable fast charging of mobile phones
    Supercapacitors promise recharging of phones and other devices in seconds and minutes as opposed to hours for batteries. But current technologies are not usually flexible, have insufficient capacities, and for many their performance quickly degrades with charging cycles. Researchers have found a way to improve all three problems in one stroke.
  • Voter behavior influenced by hot weather
    Hot weather can affect human behavior and has been linked to political rebellions and riots. A new study, the first to examine the influence of changes in temperature on peaceful and democratic political behavior, finds that voter behavior can change with increases in state-level temperature. For every 10C rise in temperature, voter turnout increased by 1.4 percent. In addition, when the weather was warmer, citizens chose to vote for the incumbent party.
  • Turning pollen into a low-cost fertilizer
    As the world population continues to balloon, agricultural experts puzzle over how farms will produce enough food to keep up with demand. One tactic involves boosting crop yields. Toward that end, scientists have developed a method to make a low-cost, biocompatible fertilizer with carbon dots derived from rapeseed pollen. The study found that applying the carbon dots to hydroponically cultivated lettuce promoted its growth by 50 percent.
  • Going 'green' with plant-based resins
    Airplanes, electronics and solar cells are all in demand, but the materials holding these items together -- epoxy thermosets -- are not environmentally friendly. Now, a group reports that they have created a plant-based thermoset that could make devices 'greener.'
  • Popular sungazer lizards under threat from poaching
    The sungazer (Smaug giganteus), a dragon-like lizard species endemic to the Highveld regions of South Africa, is facing an assault on two fronts as farming and industrialization encroaches on its natural habitat -- which already consist of only a several hundred square kilometers globally -- while the illegal global pet trade is adding pressure on pushing the species into extinction.
  • A decade of monitoring shows the dynamics of a conserved Atlantic tropical forest
    Characterized with high levels of biodiversity and endemism, the Atlantic Tropical Forest has been facing serious anthropogenic threats over the last several decades. Having put important ecosystem services at risk, such activities need to be closely studied as part of the forest dynamics. Thus, a Brazilian team of researchers spent a decade monitoring a semi-deciduous forest located in an ecological park in Southeast Brazil.
  • Who Invented the Light Bulb?
    Many notable figures — not only Thomas Edison — contributed to the development of this revolutionary technology.
  • Image of the Day
    NASA astronaut Peggy Whitson floats in front of the Cupola window at the International Space Station. The cupola is the largest window ever launched into space and provides a clear view of Earth and incoming cargo shipments.

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