BoR Related News

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  • Giant X-ray 'chimneys' are exhaust vents for vast energies produced at Milky Way's center
    At the center of our galaxy, where an enormous black hole blasts out energy as it chows down on interstellar detritus while neighboring stars burst to life and explode. astronomers have discovered two exhaust channels -- dubbed the 'galactic center chimneys' -- that appear to funnel matter and energy away from the cosmic fireworks.
  • Hidden proteins found in bacteria
    Scientists have developed a way to identify the beginning of every gene -- known as a translation start site or a start codon -- in bacterial cell DNA with a single experiment and, through this method, they have shown that an individual gene is capable of coding for more than one protein.
  • Generic advice doesn't help patients drop pounds
    When it comes to losing weight, doctors' messages to their patients can make a powerful difference, according to new research.
  • As if by magic: Program lights up cancer-causing mutations
    By conjuring the spell 'Lumos!' wizards in the mythical world of Harry Potter could light up the tip of their magic wands and illuminate their surroundings. So, too, does LumosVar, a computer program 'light up' cancer-causing genetic Var-ients, or mutations, illuminating how physicians might best treat their patients.
  • Older immigrants living in US more satisfied with life than native-born counterparts
    Most people who immigrated to the United States for a chance to live the 'American Dream' are more satisfied with their lives in the 'land of the free' than those who were born here, according to new research.
  • New study reshapes understanding of how the brain recovers from injury
    Each year, approximately 265,000 Americans have a stroke that causes visual impairment. New research sheds light on how the damage in the brain caused by a stroke can lead to permanent vision impairment. The findings could provide researchers with a blueprint to better identify which areas of vision are recoverable, facilitating the development of more effective interventions to encourage vision recovery.
  • Stroke risk drops in both black and white older adults
    Recent reductions in hospitalization and death due to stroke extend to both black and white Medicare beneficiaries, reports a new study.
  • Premature babies could benefit from combined glucocorticoid and antioxidant therapy
    Scientists have suggested that subtle changes to the drugs administered to mothers threatened with preterm birth or to premature babies could further improve clinical treatment and help increase their safety.
  • Research paves way for new source for leukemia drug
    Chemistry researchers have patented a method for making anti-leukemia compounds that until now have only been available via an Asian tree that produces them.
  • Turn off a light, save a life
    We all know that turning off lights and buying energy-efficient appliances affects our financial bottom line. Now, according to a new study, we know that saving energy also saves lives and even more money for consumers by alleviating the costs of adverse health effects attributed to air pollution.
  • Sustainable fisheries and conservation policy
    There are roughly five times as many recreational fishers as commercial fishers throughout the world. And yet, the needs and peculiarities of these recreational fishers have largely been ignored in international fisheries and conservation policy.
  • Brain-inspired AI inspires insights about the brain (and vice versa)
    Researchers have described the results of experiments that used artificial neural networks to predict with greater accuracy than ever before how different areas in the brain respond to specific words. The work employed a type of recurrent neural network called long short-term memory (LSTM) that includes in its calculations the relationships of each word to what came before to better preserve context.
  • New mobile element found in mosquito parasite has potential for disease control
    An interdisciplinary team of scientists has identified a new mobile DNA element in the Wolbachia parasite, which may contribute to improved control strategies for mosquito vectors of diseases such as Dengue and West Nile virus.
  • Tropical storms likely to become more deadly as climate changes
    Tropical storms are likely to become more deadly under climate change, leaving people in developing countries, where there may be a lack of resources or poor infrastructure, at increased risk, new research shows.
  • Toilet seat that detects congestive heart failure getting ready to begin commercialization
    A toilet-seat based cardiovascular monitoring system aims to lower the hospital readmission rates of patients with congestive heart failure.
  • North Africans were among the first to colonize the Canary Islands
    People from North Africa are likely the main group that founded the indigenous population on the Canary Islands, arriving by 1000 CE, reports a new study.
  • Robotic 'gray goo'
    Researchers have demonstrated for the first time a way to make a robot composed of many loosely coupled components, or 'particles.' Unlike swarm or modular robots, each component is simple, and has no individual address or identity. In their system, which the researchers call a 'particle robot,' each particle can perform only uniform volumetric oscillations (slightly expanding and contracting), but cannot move independently.
  • The best topological conductor yet: Spiraling crystal is the key to exotic discovery
    A team of researchers has discovered the strongest topological conductor yet, in the form of thin crystal samples that have a spiral-staircase structure.
  • Computer scientists create reprogrammable molecular computing system
    Researchers have designed self-assembling DNA molecules with unprecedented reprogrammability.
  • New short-tailed whip scorpion species discovered in Amazon
    A new species of Surazomus, which belongs to the class Arachnida and the order Schizomida, has been discovered in the eastern Amazon, according to a new study.
  • Viking homes were stranger than fiction: portals to the dead, magical artefacts and ‘slaves’
    The Vikings are more popular than ever. TV shows such as Last Kingdom and Vikings have added dramatic license to particular historical accounts, while new archaeological finds are guaranteed to make headlines. The post Viking homes were stranger than fiction: portals to the dead, magical artefacts and ‘slaves’ appeared first on HeritageDaily - Archaeology News.
  • Giant, Weird-Looking Fish With 'Startled' Eyes Washes Up on Aussie Beach
    When a group of Aussies spotted the behemoth on the beach, they initially thought it was a rugged piece of driftwood. Upon closer inspection, however, they realized it was the body of an enormous, bony fish.
  • First Anatolian farmers were local hunter-gatherers that adopted agriculture
    An international team, led by scientists from the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History and in collaboration with scientists from the United Kingdom, Turkey and Israel, has analyzed 8 pre-historic individuals, including the first genome-wide data from a 15,000-year-old Anatolian hunter-gatherer, and found that the first Anatolian farmers were direct descendants of local hunter-gatherers. The post First Anatolian farmers were local hunter-gatherers that adopted agriculture appeared first on HeritageDaily - Archaeology News.
  • New Cretaceous fossil sheds light on avian reproduction
    A team of scientists led by Alida Bailleul and Jingmai O'Connor from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology (IVPP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences reported the first fossil bird ever found with an egg preserved inside its body. The post New Cretaceous fossil sheds light on avian reproduction appeared first on HeritageDaily - Archaeology News.
  • Researchers shed new light on the origins of modern humans
    Researchers from the University of Huddersfield, with colleagues from the University of Cambridge and the University of Minho in Braga, have been using a genetic approach to tackle one of the most intractable questions of all - how and when we became truly human. The post Researchers shed new light on the origins of modern humans appeared first on HeritageDaily - Archaeology News.
  • The Questionable Science Behind the New Jack the Ripper Claim
    Did the analysis of a silk shawl just provide a major clue in one of London's coldest cases, the identity of Jack the Ripper?
  • Visualizing better cancer treatment
    Researchers have engineered nanoscale protein micelles capable of both delivering chemotherapeutic drugs and of being tracked by MRI. The innovation allows researchers to administer therapy while noninvasively monitoring the therapeutic progress and drastically reducing the need for surgical intervention. They biosynthesized a protein block copolymer containing amino acid building blocks with fluorinated thermoresponsive assembled protein (F-TRAP), which assembles into a nanoscale micelle with the noteworthy abilities.
  • Butterfly numbers down by two thirds
    Meadows adjacent to high-intensity agricultural areas are home to less than half the number of butterfly species than areas in nature preserves. The number of individuals is even down to one-third of that number.
  • Gene variant associated with cellular aging
    It is well known that psychiatric stress is associated with accelerated aging. Now, a new study shows that a gene mutation interacts with multiple types of psychiatric stress including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), pain and sleep disturbances in association with cellular aging.
  • Does pregnancy history affect cognitive function?
    Healthy cognitive aging is a public health priority, especially as the US population grows older. Until now, not much has been known about the link between pregnancy history and cognitive function in older women. A new study finds that there does not appear to be a link.
  • It's spring already? Physics explains why time flies as we age
    Researchers have a new explanation for why those endless days of childhood seemed to last so much longer than they do now -- physics. According to the theory, the apparent temporal discrepancy can be blamed on the ever-slowing speed at which images are obtained and processed by the human brain as the body ages.
  • A mating war in diving beetles has stopped the evolution of species
    In nature, males eager attempts to mate with females can be so extreme that they will harm females. Such negative impact of mating interactions has been suggested to promote the emergence of new species under some circumstances. Surprisingly, one type of diving beetle species now show that this conflict between the sexes can instead lead to an evolutionary standstill in which mating enhancing traits in males and counter-adaptations in females prevent the formation of new species.
  • Chromatin changes rapidly in response to low oxygen
    A study reveals new insights into how cells respond to oxygen deprivation. The researchers found that chromatin, the complex of DNA and proteins where all genes reside, quickly changes in response to low oxygen.
  • Assessment tool predicts chronic fatigue syndrome 6 months after mono
    To assess risk factors for chronic fatigue syndrome after mononucleosis, researchers developed and validated a scale for rating the severity of mononucleosis. In a study with 126 college students, they found that participants with a higher mononucleosis severity score had over three times the risk of meeting two or more sets of diagnostic criteria for chronic fatigue syndrome after six months.
  • Researchers shed new light on the origins of modern humans
    Researchers from the University of Huddersfield, with colleagues from the University of Cambridge and the University of Minho in Braga, have been using a genetic approach to tackle one of the most intractable questions of all—how and when we became truly human. Map showing early African archaeological sites with evidence for symbolic material and microlithic stone tools [Credit: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Image by Reto... [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
  • Biodiversity patterns in Antarctic Dry Valleys
    'Surprisingly, we found that biotic, or living, interactions are crucial in shaping biodiversity patterns even in the extreme ecosystems of the Antarctic Dry Valleys.'
  • US indoor climate most similar to northeast African outdoors
    Americans are most comfortable when their indoor climate is like the northeast African outdoors -- warm and relatively dry.
  • Balance of two enzymes linked to pancreatic cancer survival
    New research sets the stage for clinicians to potentially one day use levels of a pancreatic cancer patient's PHLPP1 and PKC enzymes as a prognostic, and for researchers to develop new therapeutic drugs that inhibit PHLPP1 and boost PKC as a means to treat the disease.
  • Innovative lab test to develop easy-to-swallow medicine for children
    Scientists have revealed an innovative in vitro method that can help to develop easy to swallow medicine for children and older people.
  • Improper removal of personal protective equipment contaminates health care workers
    More than one-third of healthcare workers were contaminated with multi-drug resistant organisms (MDRO) after caring for patients colonized or infected with the bacteria, according to a new study. The study found that 39 percent of workers made errors in removing personal protective equipment (PPE), including gowns and gloves, increasing the incidence of contamination.
  • Supercomputer simulations shed light on how liquid drops combine
    High performance computing has revealed in detail how liquid droplets combine, in a development with applications such as improving 3D printing technologies or the forecasting of thunderstorms.
  • Coral reefs near equator less affected by ocean warming
    Ocean warming is threatening coral reefs globally, with persistent thermal stress events degrading coral reefs worldwide, but a new study has found that corals at or near the equator are affected less than corals elsewhere.
  • Antibodies from earlier exposures affect response to new flu strains
    Research highlights role of immunological imprinting -- or how the immune system fights the flu after previous exposure to the virus via infections or vaccinations -- in the elicitation of new antibodies.
  • What Is String Theory?
    Trying to explain everything with vibrating little strings.
  • Ant larvae fight the offspring of parasitic queens
    The eggs of a parasitic ant queen living off a foreign species may end up as food for the larvae of the host species.
  • Active substance from plant slows down aggressive eye cancer
    An active substance that has been known for 30 years could unexpectedly turn into a ray of hope against eye tumors. This is shown by a new study. The plant leaves of which contain the tested substance is anything but rare: At Christmas time you can find it in every well-assorted garden center.
  • How fluid viscosity affects earthquake intensity
    Scientists have demonstrated that the viscosity of fluids present in faults has a direct effect on the intensity of earthquakes.
  • Local extinction of Southern California mountain lions possible within 50 years
    Two isolated mountain lion populations in southern California's Santa Ana and Santa Monica Mountains are at risk of local extinction, perhaps as soon as within 50 years, according to a study published in the journal Ecological Applications. The extinction risk is due to low genetic diversity and mortality that affects the stability of the population. But increasing connectivity could help.
  • 'Chronoprints' identify samples by how they change over space and time
    Modern analytical tools like mass spectrometers can identify many unknown substances, allowing scientists to easily tell whether foods or medicines have been altered. However, the cost, size, power consumption and complexity of these instruments often prevent their use in resource-limited regions. Now, researchers report that they have developed a simple, inexpensive method to identify samples by seeing how they react to a change in their environment.
  • Sniffing out Parkinson's disease
    Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that leads to progressive brain cell death and extensive loss of motor function. Despite much research being conducted on this disease, there are no definitive diagnostic tests currently available. Now, researchers report the identification of compounds that make up the signature odor of the disease with the help an individual who can detect Parkinson's through smell.

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